Prostrate cancer is the most common cancer in men not only in Kenya but also worldwide. Certain things can increase a person’s risk of developing the condition. Studies have increasingly linked a popular mineral to an increased risk of developing the condition.

According to NHS prostrate cancer occurs in the prostate – a small walnut-shaped gland in men. The main function of the prostate is to produce a thick white fluid that creates semen when mixed with the sperm produced by the testicles. Evidence has linked high calcium intake to an increased risk of developing the disease.  The consumption of calcium even at relatively low levels and from non-dairy food sources such as soy, grains and green vegetables, may increase prostate cancer risk.

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Signs and symptoms of prostate cancer include:

  • Passing urine more frequently, particularly in the night time
  • Difficulty in starting to pass urine
  • Difficulty in stopping to pass urine
  • Sensation of not emptying the bladder fully.
  • Less commonly, pain when passing urine or ejaculating and blood in urine or semen.

Parentsafrica advise that the diagnosis of prostate cancer is made with the aid of history taking, physical examination including digital rectal exam, PSA testing, biopsy and further tests which would include MRI pelvis and isotope bone scan.